Cerebral palsy (CP) is a group of disorders that affect a person’s ability to move and maintain balance and posture. CP is the most common motor disability in childhood. Cerebral means having to do with the brain. Palsy means weakness or problems with using the muscles. CP is caused by abnormal brain development or damage to the developing brain that affects a person’s ability to control their muscles.
The symptoms of CP vary from person to person. A person with severe CP might need to use special equipment to be able to walk, or might not be able to walk at all and might need lifelong care. A person with mild CP, on the other hand, might walk with a little difficulty, but might not need any special help. CP does not get worse over time, though the exact symptoms can change over a person’s lifetime.
Learn more about the different types of CP and how it is screened and diagnosed at the CDC website on Cerebral Palsy.